Colors from Around the World

Delight in the colors from around the world.

This list is a living guide, as the sources for natural color are continuously expanding; however, these hues provide a snapshot of the major food colorants used today.

 

Colorant INS# pH Pantone*
FD&C Red #40 (Allura Red) 129 2-8 1797
Amaranth* 123 2-8 7433
Black Carrot 163 3 1945
Carmine 120 3 7425
Carmoisine* 122 2-8 200
Cochineal Extract / Carminic Acid 120 7 225
Beet 162 4-7 674
Elderberry Juice 163 5 237
FD&C Red #3 (Erythrosine) 127 3-8 1915
Grape Juice 163 3 674
Grape Skin Extract 163ii 3 674
Hibiscus 163 2-4 7418
Lycopene (from tomato) 160dii 3-7 1795
Lycopene (synthetic)* 160di 3-7 1795
Monascus Color* –– 5-8 7433
Ponceau 4R 124 2-8 199
Purple Sweet Potato 163 3 212
Red Cabbage 163 3 1935
Red Iron Oxide* 172ii 2-8 7621
Red Radish 163 3 214
Red Rice* –– 2-4 7419

Colorant INS# pH Pantone*
Annatto – Bixin 160bi 2-6 173
Annatto – Norbixin 160bii 3.5-8 173
Beta-Apo-8′-Carotenal 160e 2-8 1585
Beta-Carotene 160ai-iv 2.5-8 136
Canthaxanthin 161g 2-8 2028
Cochineal Extract 120 3 1635
Lutein* 161b 3-8 1385
Paprika Oleoresin 160c 2-8 166
Saffron –– 2-8 152
FD&C Yellow #6 (Sunset Yellow FCF) 110 2-8 021
Beta-Carotene 160ai-iv 2.5-8 1375
Carrot Oil* 160a 2-8 136
Carthamus* –– 2-8 106
Gardenia Yellow* –– 3-8 460
Quinoline Yellow* 104 2-8 102
Riboflavin 101i 2-8 114
FD&C Yellow #5 (Tartrazine) 102 2-8 115
Turmeric/Curcumin 100 2.5-6.5 107
Yellow Iron Oxide* 172iii 2-8 129

Colorant INS# pH Pantone*
Chlorophyll* 140i 2-8 7742
Copper Chlorophyll* 141i 2-8 7742
Green Tea* –– 3-8 5777
FD&C Blue #1 (Brilliant Blue FCF) 133 2-8 300
Gardenia Blue* –– 4-8 7690
Huito* –– 4-6 7694
FD&C Blue #2 (Indigotine) 132 2-8 285
Red Cabbage 163 7.5 7683
Spirulina –– 5-8 3005
Natural Blue Vegetable Juice Color –– 4-8 2935
Black Carrot 163 7 7678
Blue Carmine 120 7 7447
Purple Sweet Potato 163 4 2080
Black Iron Oxide* 172i 2-8 Black
Brilliant Black* 151 2-8 Black
Vegetable Carbon* 153 2-8 Black
Avalanche™ Opacity Agent –– 2-8 White
Calcium Carbonate* 170 2-8 White
Titanium Dioxide 171 2-8 White

Colorant INS# pH Pantone*
Apple Extract –– 3-8 146
Caramel Color I 150a 2-8 1615
Caramel Color II 150b 2-8 1615
Caramel Color III 150c 2-8 1615
Caramel Color IV 150d 2-8 1615
Aluminum* 173 2-10 Silver
Gold* 175 2-10 Gold
Mica-Based Pearlescent Pigments 171 & 555 2-8 Various
Silver* 174 2-10 Silver

DOWNLOAD THIS CHART AS A PDF