Colours from Around the World

Sensient Colours frequently participates at different industry events and we speak around food regulations in different parts of the world. Invariably there are often questions arising with someone wanting to know more about a particular food colour mentioned. They want to know the shade and pH range along with whether the colour is permitted in the United States, the European Union, or other regions across the globe. After numerous inquiries, we have developed the following ‘Colours from Around the World’ guide, which is sorted by colour shade. This list is a living guide, as the sources for natural colour are continuously expanding; however, these hues provide a snapshot of the major food colourants used today.

 

Colourant INS# pH Pantone*
FD&C Red #40 (Allura Red) 129 2-8 1797
Amaranth* 123 2-8 7433
Black Carrot 163 3 1945
Carmine 120 3 7425
Carmoisine* 122 2-8 200
Cochineal Extract / Carminic Acid 120 7 225
Beet 162 4-7 674
Elderberry Juice 163 5 237
FD&C Red #3 (Erythrosine) 127 3-8 1915
Grape Juice 163 3 674
Grape Skin Extract 163ii 3 674
Hibiscus 163 2-4 7418
Lycopene (from tomato) 160dii 3-7 1795
Lycopene (synthetic)* 160di 3-7 1795
Monascus Colour* –– 5-8 7433
Ponceau 4R 124 2-8 199
Purple Sweet Potato 163 3 212
Red Cabbage 163 3 1935
Red Iron Oxide* 172II 2-8 7621
Red Radish 163 3 214
Red Rice* –– 2-4 7419

Colourant INS# pH Pantone*
Annatto – Bixin 160bi 2-6 173
Annatto – Norbixin 160bii 3.5-8 173
Beta-Apo-8′-Carotenal 160e 2-8 1585
Beta-Carotene 160ai-iv 2.5-8 136
Canthaxanthin 161g 2-8 2028
Cochineal Extract 120 3 1635
Lutein* 161b 3-8 1385
Paprika Oleoresin 160c 2-8 166
Saffron –– 2-8 152
FD&C Yellow #6 (Sunset Yellow FCF) 110 2-8 021
Beta-Carotene 160ai-iv 2.5-8 1375
Carrot Oil* 160a 2-8 136
Carthamus* –– 2-8 106
Gardenia Yellow* –– 3-8 460
Quinoline Yellow* 104 2-8 102
Riboflavin 101i 2-8 114
FD&C Yellow #5 (Tartrazine) 102 2-8 115
Turmeric/Curcumin 100 2.5-6.5 107
Yellow Iron Oxide* 172iii 2-8 129

Colourant INS# pH Pantone*
Chlorophyll* 140i 2-8 7742
Copper Chlorophyll* 141i 2-8 7742
Green Tea* –– 3-8 5777
FD&C Blue #1 (Brilliant Blue FCF) 133 2-8 300
Gardenia Blue* –– 4-8 7690
Huito* –– 4-6 7694
FD&C Blue #2 (Indigotine) 132 2-8 285
Red Cabbage 163 7.5 7683
Spirulina –– 5-8 3005
Natural Blue Vegetable Juice Color –– 4-8 2935
Black Carrot 163 7 7678
Blue Carmine 120 7 7447
Purple Sweet Potato 163 4 2080
Black Iron Oxide* 172i 2-8 Black
Brilliant Black* 151 2-8 Black
Vegetable Carbon* 153 2-8 Black
Avalanche™ Opacity Agent –– 2-8 White
Calcium Carbonate* 170 2-8 White
Titanium Dioxide 171 2-8 White

Colourant INS# pH Pantone*
Apple Extract –– 3-8 146
Caramel Color I 150a 2-8 1615
Caramel Color II 150b 2-8 1615
Caramel Color III 150c 2-8 1615
Caramel Color IV 150d 2-8 1615
Aluminum* 173 2-10 Silver
Gold* 175 2-10 Gold
Mica-Based Pearlescent Pigments 171 & 555 2-8 Various
Silver* 174 2-10 Silver

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